Foreign Policy dot com has a festive feature, Grand Ayatollah or Grand Old Party?. There are a series of quotes, which requires the viewer to open a different page each time. Page view statistics are so unkind to readers. The reader can choose between two “conservative” leaders for the source of the quote. The two “religious conservatives” are Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, and Rick Santorum . (Spell check suggestions: Tutankhamen, Sanatorium)
The feature is in English, which is the language favored by Mr. Santorum. Mr. Khamenei speaks Farsi, which is a very different tongue. There have been controversial translations before. When the person doing the translating wants to make trouble, it can cause misunderstanding. This feature will probably not lead to war, unless it helps Mr. Santorum get elected. Here are the quotes. If you want to keep score, the answers will be in the last paragraph.
1. “We were put on this Earth as creatures of God to have dominion over the Earth.”
2. “We believe in democracy and we also believe in freedom,
but we do not believe in liberal democracy.”
3. “Although the literal meaning of socialism is equitable distribution of wealth, it is associated with other concepts which we hate. Over time, socialism has come to be associated with certain things in society that are unacceptable to us.”
4. “The radical feminists succeeded in undermining the traditional family and convincing women that professional accomplishments are the key to happiness.”
5. “This is not a political war at all. This is not a cultural war. This is a spiritual war.”
6. “This is a war between two willpowers:
the willpower of the people and the willpower of their enemies.”
7. “Go back and read what the sirens did once you arrived on that island.…
They devour you. They destroy you. They consume you.”
8. “The American people’s hatred for Iran is profound.” Oh wait, we got that one backward. Sorry. It should read: “The Iranian people’s hatred for America is profound.”
Not much is known about the Supreme Leader. (Diana Ross was the Supremes leader.) He has a charismatic underling, Mr. Ahmadinejad. It is unlikely that anyone calls the Supreme Leader “frothy mix”, although he is possibly familiar with the concept. Both speakers in this exercise would tell you they are conservative, and probably mean two different things by this phrase. They worship the same G-d, who is probably embarrassed by both.
HT to Sarah Posner . Pictures are from The Library of Congress.
The Answers: 1-Rick 2-Ali 3-Ali 4-Rick 5-Rick 6-Ali 7-Rick 8-Ali
Today is February 29. It is the extra day added for leap year. People wonder how this tradition got started. It is a feature of the Julian and Gregorian calenders. A vintage website, written by a 1968 leap baby, tells this tale:
“The Romans originally had a 355-day calendar. To keep up with the seasons, an extra 22 or 23-day month was inserted every second year. For reasons unknown, this extra month was only observed now and then. By Julius Caesar’s time, the seasons no longer occurred at the same calendar periods as history had shown. To correct this, Caesar eliminated the extra month and added one or two extra days to the end of various months (his month included, which was Quintilis, later renamed Julius we know it as July). This extended the calendar to 365 days. Also intended was an extra calendar day every fourth year (following the 28th day of Februarius). However, after Caesar’s death in 44 B.C., the calendars were written with an extra day every 3 years instead of every 4 until corrected in 8 A.D. So again, the calendar drifted away from the seasons. By 1582, Pope Gregory XIII recognized that Easter would eventually become closer and closer to Christmas. The calendar was reformed so that a leap day would occur in any year that is divisible by 4 but not divisible by 100 except when the year is divisible by 400.
Thus 1600 and 2000, although century marks, have a Leap Day. The calendar we use today, known as the Gregorian calendar, makes our year 365.2425 days only off from our solar year by .00031, which amounts to only one day’s error after 4,000 years”.
Starting in 8 a.d., an extra day was added to the year. However, this wasn’t working, and changes needed to be made. Pope Gregory XIII changed the calender to drop the leap year on years ending in 100, except for years divisible by 400. 1900 did not have a leap year, but 2000 did. (We needed it to make the changes for Y2K.) A British site from the National Maritime Museum has more details.
“The calendar year is 365 days long, unless the year is exactly divisible by four, in which case an extra day is added to February to make the year 366 days long. If the year is the last year of a century, eg. 1800, 1900, 2000, then it is only a leap year if it is exactly divisible by 400. Therefore, 1900 wasn’t a leap year but 2000 was. The reason for these rules is to bring the average length of the calendar year into line with the length of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun, so that the seasons always occur during the same months each year.
The year is defined as being the interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal (spring) equinox. Of course, what is really occurring is that the Earth is going around the Sun but it is easier to understand what is happening by considering the apparent motion of the Sun in the sky. The vernal equinox is the instant when the Sun is above the Earth’s equator while going from the south to the north. It is the time which astronomers take as the definition of the beginning of spring. The year as defined above is called the vernal tropical year and it is the year length that defines the repetition of the seasons. The length of the vernal tropical year is 365.24237 days.
In 46 BC Julius Caesar established the Julian calendar which was used in the west until 1582. In the Julian calendar each year contained 12 months and there were an average of 365.25 days in a year. This was achieved by having three years containing 365 days and one year containing 366 days. (In fact the leap years were not correctly inserted until 8 AD).
The discrepancy between the actual length of the year, 365.24237 days, and the adopted length, 365.25 days, may not seem important but over hundreds of years the difference becomes obvious. The reason for this is that the seasons, which depend on the date in the tropical year, were getting progressively out of kilter with the calendar date. Pope Gregory XIII, in 1582, instituted the Gregorian calendar, which has been used since then.
The change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian involved the change of the simple rule for leap-years to the more complex one in which century years should only be leap-years if they were divisible by 400. For example, 1700, 1800 and 1900 are not leap-years whereas 2000 was. The net effect is to make the adopted average length of the year 365.2425 days. The difference between this and the true length will not have a serious effect for many thousands of years. (The error amounts to about 3 days in 10,000 years.)
The adoption of the Gregorian calendar was made in Catholic countries in 1582 with the elimination of 10 days, 4 October being followed by 15 October. The Gregorian calendar also stipulated that the year should start on 1 January. In non-Catholic countries the change was made later; Britain and her colonies made the change in 1752 when 2 September was followed by 14 September and New Year’s Day was changed from 25 March to 1 January 1″.
There are some traditions for February 29. The most notable is the idea of women proposing marriage to men. “According to an old Irish legend, or possibly history, St Bridget struck a deal with St Patrick to allow women to propose to men – and not just the other way around – every 4 years. … In some places, Leap Day has been known as “Bachelors’ Day” for the same reason. A man was expected to pay a penalty, such as a gown or money, if he refused a marriage proposal from a woman on Leap Day. In many European countries, especially in the upper classes of society, tradition dictates that any man who refuses a woman’s proposal on February 29 has to buy her 12 pairs of gloves. The intention is that the woman can wear the gloves to hide the embarrassment of not having an engagement ring.” Gentlemen, you have been warned.
Since it happens every four years, there are not that many famous births and deaths on February 29 . Births include Gioachino Rossini(1792), Dinah Shore (1916), Bart Stupak (1952) and Pedro Zamora (1972). Earl Scheib went to the paintshop in the sky on February 29, 1992. In 1940, the academy awards were given out, with Gone With The Wind a big winner. Most of the time, February 29 is just another day.
Two days ago, 99invisible posted a show, The Bathtubs or the Boiler Room . It seems as though an NPR reporter likes to go places she is not supposed to be in. In the basement of the US Capitol, she found a bathtub, carved out of a chunk of Italian marble.
“The bathtubs were installed around 1860 during the expansion of the Capitol. DC is known for its swampy summers, and legend has it that senators could be banished from the chamber if they were too smelly. But lawmakers—like most Americans at the time—didn’t have indoor plumbing at home. They needed a place where they could wash up. So, the Architect of the Capitol ordered six marble bath tubs, each three by seven feet and carved by hand in Italy, to be installed in the Capitol basement—three on the House side, three on the senate.”
The tubs were imported from Italy, and sent to the port of Baltimore. They arrived just in time for the War Between The States. They were quite a luxurious item. Today, they are forgotten, surrounded by HVAC machines, with one covered with plywood and file cabinets.
Pictures are from The Library of Congress.
PG read When All the World Was Young, by Dr. Ferrol Sams. This is the last part of the Sambo trilogy, allegedly based on the life of Dr. Sams when he was younger. The first two books, in the trilogy, are Run With The Horsemen and The Whisper of the River.
The story starts at Pearl Harbor. Sambo wants to join the war effort, but is convinced to go to Medical School. At Emory Med School, he meets the toughest character in this war story, Dr. Wingo. Sambo makes it through the first year at Emory, but feels bad about not being in battle. This feeling of not doing enough for the cause persists throughout the story.
Soon, he gets word that a friend of his is missing in action. Sambo buys a pint of Four Roses, gets drunk, decides to flunk out of Med school, and join the army. He gets his wish, and goes to basic training in frozen Illinois. One of his companions is fellow former Emoroid Carter Otten, who will be with Sambo until they go to France.
The next stop is Lawton General Hospital. This is adjacent to Camp Gordon, which is now Peachtree Dekalb Airport. PG used to work off W. Hospital Avenue, and heard stories of a hospital there. One of the doctors had an apartment on Peachtree Road, near Hospital 48. (This was the Brookhaven VA hospital.) Sambo had a few adventures here, and encountered the first of a few “small world” stories. These pop up throughout the book, and make PG wonder if there might be too many coincidences.
A paratrooper named Will Barton shows up in the hospital. He had been kicked out of Medical School for throwing a cadaver muscle at another student. Another character at the Med school did Sambo wrong, and got his Yellow Packard messed up as a result. When Sambo is at Lawton General, a teacher winds up buying the Packard.
Sambo and Otten go to a camp in Illinois to wait on a trip to Europe. DDay comes, and the two sit and wait. It turns out the Army has forgotten about them. Otten finds a Hospital unit for the two to join, and soon they are on the Queen Mary, riding to France. When they finally arrive, the company records are lost at sea. At this point, an imaginary soldier named Daniel Farbecker joins the unit.
The troops set up a field hospital, and survive an inspection. Will Barton shows up again, in a dramatic episode. Sambo shows how far he has gone from the wide eyed farmboy of the first book. After the emergency surgery to save Barton fails, Sambo says “fuck him if he can’t take a joke”.
Before he leaves the war, Barton tells Sambo to go to Paris, find a hooker, and tell her what has happened. The girl is called “La Petite”. She may, or may not, have gone to college with Sambo. It is a good story, but sometimes it is a bit tough to believe.
Before long, Germany surrenders, Sambo has an affair with a married woman, Hiroshima is nuked, and Sambo goes home. He learned well the concept of looking out for number one. The guilt for not seeing more action never quite goes away. In the last chapter, Sambo is in Fort Bragg, fighting with the Army about service in the reserves.
As with the other two Sambo books, this is a great waste of time. Some of the stories, like the last day of Will Barton, are as good as reading gets. If you are not too picky about believing everything you read, you will have a good time with When All the World Was Young. Pictures today are from The Library of Congress.
Miss Beatrice ,the church organist,was in her eighties and had never been married. She was admired for her sweetness and kindness to all. One afternoon the pastor came to call on her and she showed him into her quaint sitting room. She invited him to have a seat while she prepared tea…As he sat facing her old Hammond organ, the young minister noticed a cut glass bowl sitting on top of it.The bowl was filled with water, and in the water floated, of all things, a condom!
When she returned with tea and scones, they began to chat. The pastor tried to stifle his curiosity about the bowl of water and its strange floater, but soon it got the better of him and he could no longer resist. ” Miss Beatrice “, he said, pointing to the bowl, “I wonder if you would tell me about this?”
“Oh, yes,” she replied, “Isn’t it wonderful? I was walking through the park a few months ago and I found this little package on the ground.The directions said to place it on the organ, keep it wet and that it would prevent the spread of disease.. Do you know, I haven’t had the flu all winter.”
Thank you Ed. Pictures are from ” The Special Collections and Archives,Georgia State University Library” This is a repost.
Iraq Blog Count is a collection of links to stories about the middle east. Many are in Arabic, and of little value to PG. Some are recycled quotes from other sources. Here are a few of these stories. The pictures are Union soldiers, from the War Between the States, borrowed from The Library of Congress
Free Iraq “…. In short , Iran has achieved a conventional deterrent to Israel. Therefor, statements by Iranian officials that Iran has no nuclear weapons program are in my view probably correct. Presently, Iran does not need nukes to deter Israel. It can do so with its GPS-guided medium range missiles. The Israelis are no doubt gnashing their teeth over this, because they now find themselves threatened by their own WMD stockpiles, and by their own nuclear reactors, especially Dimona, all of which have become targets.
A few direct hits by Iran could cause a toxic plume, killing thousands of Israelis. A worst case might signal the end of the Jewish state.
It is important to realize that Iran would never launch a pre-emptive strike on Israel because the Iranians know that the US/Israeli response would be devastating. However, if Iran comes under attack first, all bets are off. Iran will defend itself. A counter attack on Israel cannot be ruled out because Iranian leaders understand clearly (even if the American people do not) that the crisis has been manufactured, on Israel’s behalf.”
It was just a phase It was just a phase after all, though it had its benefits by letting me apply my frivolous and yet fervent thoughts into such scrambled sentences. I am figuring out that life is too short to spend on trivial matters, thus I Sincerely condemn the time that I spent here.
I am here to enunciate that this blog will be frozen(certainly deleted) and I am going to move on with my other projects, it was my pleasure to know people through this medium. The phase has ended and life continues even after our death, so I guess people will still be out there blogging about their daily flatulence and fecal whereabouts. (Comment) we all sincerely condemn the time we spend on the internet, yet its the perfect crime of spewing word vomit everywhere, without having to clean it up.
Logical Errors and Propaganda in Republican Debate on the Middle East Juan Cole is not listed on Iraq Blog Count. He does have “informed comment” about the Middle East daily. Today, he comments on the Repub debate, held last night. Newtie was calling fashion icon Ahmadinejad the “Dictator” of Iran, when he is a flunky to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
Healing Iraq From yesterday, a Palestinian in Gaza holds up a sign that reads: “If the road to liberate al-Quds (Jerusalem) has to pass through the bloodshed of our brothers in Syria, then we have no need to liberate al-Quds.”
Bassam Sebti This time, the so-called “infidels” won the hearts and minds of many Iraqis who are relentlessly sharing a YouTube video of the Australian version of Britain’s Got Talent, The X Factor, in which Iraqi war survivor Emanuel Kelly performs. .
Emanuel, who doesn’t know his actual age because he was raised in an orphanage for disabled Iraqi children, was rescued and adopted by Children First Foundation director Moira Kelly along with his brother Ahmed after they both suffered from limb deficiencies as a result of chemical warfare in Iraq.
After I watched the clip in which Emanuel performs in the show’s auditions, all I was able to think of is how happy I am for him. He’s lucky he’s no longer in Iraq where orphans and the disabled are in most cases not treated as equal or in some cases as human beings. Our Iraqi society, or the Arab society as a whole to be specific, has no mercy on disabled people. It’s harsh, non-accepting and degrading. Most people like Emanuel would end up being beggars on the streets.
Skies As far as I know, no driving license has been issued since 2003 in Iraq. Today I was in a bus reading about “Nairn Transport Co.” when a passenger in our bus asked the bus driver to stop just at the start of a bridge in a highway. The bus driver hit the break with his feet as if pressing on a cockroach and we stop just few centimeters from a taxi driver who was out of his car for unclear reason at the mouth of the bridge. “You was about to hit me idiot” the taxi driver yelled. “Learn to choose your words,” murmured our bus driver with anger. The taxi driver went inside his taxi and yelled: “ZMAL (=jackass)” and hit the benzene pedal with his feet as if killing a roach.
It was yet another story about inappropriate cell phone use at a public event. There was a profound sentence. “When a phone chimes a cute little diddy, it arrogantly broadcasts some aspect of the user’s “personality” to those in earshot.”
Personalities need to be expressed. It is a free country. Political conservatives like to huff and puff about freedom. Then they go to CPAC, and run wild.
“Women will be future leaders, too, and I was dismayed to see how many of them either looked frumpish or like two-bit whores. First, are these young people being taught anything by their parents? I was at another service-oriented gathering of young women where the girls were in tight bandeau-skirts (you know, the kind of tube-top skirts that hookers wear on street corners?). They were sitting with their mothers. What is going on here? Second, have women so internalized feminist dogma that they see themselves in only two ways? Butch, men-lite wannabes or 3rd wave sluts who empower themselves by screwing every available horndog man?” (spell check suggestion:foghorn)
Pictures are by chamblee54.
There is a bit of creativity floating around called “The native american code of ethics”. If you google that phrase, there are 329k ways to read this list, many suitable for framing. PG is not opposed to people sharing nuggets of wisdom, but is just a touch skeptical of this latest development.
The version of NACE cited above says the list was originally published in the October 1994 edition of Intertribal Times. A google search of the site shows no trace of the NACE. However, it does show a recent article, about an effort in the Montana legislature to adopt the cowboy “Code of the west” as an official state creed.
The legal effort is a bit of Republican showboating, and is likely to be vetoed if it gets passed. Contrary to initial reports, the code does not contain the phrase “The only good Indian is a dead Indian”. The code does say ““Ride for the brand,” “Talk less and say more” ,“Always finish what you start ”,“Live each day with courage,” “Take pride in your work,” “Do what has to be done,” “Be tough but fair,” “When you make a promise, keep it,” “Remember that some things aren’t for sale,” and “Know where to draw the line.”
Getting back to NACE, there are some good ideas there, but why are they specific to Native Americans? When the Europeans conquered the Americas, there were hundreds of individual tribes. Many of these had little in common with each other. While some may have agreed with some of these rules, it is doubtful that all agreed with all. That does not even consider the issue of whether they practiced these ideals, especially in times of war and hardship.
Item 5 of this list says “Do not take what is not yours whether from a person, a community, the wilderness or from a culture. If it was not earned or given, it is not yours.” Even if the NACE is the real deal, what right do non native Americans have to print pretty posters of it?
The different peoples of North America have long been “the other”. During the 19th century, the Northeast quadrant of the United States gained hegemony over the country, first in the War Between The States, and later during the “Indian Wars” of the west. The mostly European population did not respect people different from them. Today, this is seen with embarrassment, and the “Native American” is seen as a mythical Mr. Natural. This view is probably just as unreal as the Indians killing cowboys in the movies. ( Native American is a phrase coined by non native Americans.)
The “otherness” of the original americans continues today. Many of the poor people from Mexico that come to the United States are original americans. Maybe the name of this list should be “Illegal Alien Code Of Ethics”. Pictures for this entertainment are from The Library of Congress This is a repost.
1. Rise with the Sun to pray. Pray alone. Pray often. The Great Spirit will listen, if you only speak.
2. Be tolerant of those who are lost on their path.
Ignorance, conceit, anger, jealousy and greed stem from a lost soul. Pray that they will find guidance.
3. Search for yourself, by yourself. Do not allow others to make your path for you.
It is your road, and yours alone. Others may walk it with you, but no one can walk it for you.
4. Treat the guests in your home with much consideration.
Serve them the best food, give them the best bed and treat them with respect and honor.
5. Do not take what is not yours whether from a person, a community, the wilderness or from a culture. If it was not earned or given, it is not yours.
6. Respect all things that are placed upon this earth – whether it be people or plant.
7. Honor other people’s thoughts, wishes and words.
Never interrupt another or mock or rudely mimic them.
Allow each person the right to personal expression.
8. Never speak of others in a bad way.
The negative energy that you put out into the universe will multiply when it returns to you.
9. All persons make mistakes. And all mistakes can be forgiven.
10. Bad thoughts cause illness of the mind, body and spirit. Practice optimism.
11. Nature is not FOR us, it is a PART of us. They are part of your worldly family.
12. Children are the seeds of our future.
Plant love in their hearts and water them with wisdom and life’s lessons.
When they are grown, give them space to grow.
13. Avoid hurting the hearts of others. The poison of your pain will return to you.
14. Be truthful at all times. Honesty is the test of one’s will.
15. Keep yourself balanced.
Mental self, Spiritual self, Emotional self, and Physical self –
All need to be strong, pure and healthy. Work out the body to strengthen the mind.
Grow rich in spirit to cure emotional ails.
16. Make conscious decisions as to who you will be and how you will react.
Be responsible for your own actions.
17. Respect the privacy and personal space of others.
Do not touch the personal property of others – especially sacred and religious objects.
This is forbidden.
18. Be true to yourself first.
You cannot nurture and help others if you cannot nurture and help yourself first.
19. Respect others religious beliefs. Do not force your belief on others.
20. Share your good fortune with others. Participate in charity.
Rick Santorum wants to be President. He says the darnedest things. First he appeared to question the religion of BHO, then he said that it was really about the environment.
His speaker, Alice Stewart, tried to clarify matters. “He wasn’t questioning the President’s character. He wasn’t questioning the President’s religion. As he said, as he has clarified the statement, he was talking about radical environmentalists. He was talking about—there is a type of theological secularism when it comes to the global warmists in this country. That’s what he was referring to. He was referring to the President’s policies, in terms of the radical Islamic policies the President has, specifically in terms of the energy exploration.”
Oops, she said radical Islamist policies. What she meant was concern for the planet.
It is puzzling how so called Christians can have so little regard for our planet. In the embedded video, a man discusses the impact of developing the oil in Canadian tar sands. Maybe we will get a bit more oil, but we are going to tear up the planet to get it.
Pictures are from The Library of Congress.
It is fat tuesday again. For someone who lived most of his life in Georgia, it is just another day.
In 1990, PG went to carnival. He rented sleeping bag space in a house on Marigny Street, just outside the quarter. It was like nothing he had ever seen.
This was 14 months after PG quit drinking. If he had life to do over, he would have gone to Mardi Gras first. He did feel good about going through that much drinking without being tempted to participate.
By the end of the Rex Parade, PG was getting tired of the whole shebang, Mob scenes of drunks, in costume, can get old. PG has not been back.
Two years later, the Grateful Dead was playing at the Omni, and the camp followers were in the parking lot. PG would go on his lunch hour and observe. A young lady walked by, and PG said Happy Mardi Gras. She gave him a string of beads.
Five years after that, PG had a boss from New Orleans. He looked like the Grinch who stole Christmas. He also hated Mardi Gras. PG did not know this, and greeted him Tuesday morning with a cheerful Happy Mardi Gras. If looks could kill, PG would have dropped dead.
This is a repost. Pictures from The Library of Congress.
A local blog recently had a feature about the Healey Building. PG worked at 57 Forsyth Street for five years, between 1991 and 1995. This is a good excuse to write some text, and upload some pictures.
PG represented Redo Blue in an architect’s office on the fourteenth floor. His printroom was the third window from the north end, on the third floor from the top. There was a large window, on the west side overlooking Woodruff Park. A surprising amount of attention was captured by the gold dome of the State Capitol. At street level was Broad Street, home to a constantly changing array of merchants.
There were some sights coming in that window. On the coldest winter day in 1993, a music video was filmed on top of the Church’s Fried Chicken on Broad Street. On the week before the Super Bowl, The Dallas Cowboy cheerleaders kicked field goals in the park, along with Martin Mull. When PG left town that Friday, a large, inflated rendering of Izzy, the Olympic mascot, was resting in the park.
It was not completely happy times. In April of 1992, a jury in California delivered an unpopular verdict. The next day, the streets downtown erupted. People in Rosa’s Pizza got a broken window to go with their calzones. The next day, a notions shop on the Forsyth Street side had a sign in the window, “Black owned business”.
William T. Healey opened his office building in 1914. There were sixteen stories, taking the entire block between Broad, Walton, Forsyth and Poplar Streets. The firm of Morgan and Dillon designed the building. The original plan was to have twin towers, with the rotunda, and arcade, in the middle. World War One, and the death of Mr. Healey, put a stop to those plans.
The tower stood on the edge of the Fairlie-Poplar district. In photos of downtown, the Healey building, and the Candler building, serve as easily recognized landmarks. For many years, many bus lines ended on Walton Street, at the south end of the building. Hundreds of people waited there to change buses.
The Healey Building has many features that are no longer seen, The terra cotta details are too fancy for today’s buildings. The stairwells had a garbage chute. You could go to the garbage hole on any floor, and throw your trash to a receptacle down below. The building does not have a loading dock. A freight elevator pops up from behind a steel plate on the Forsyth Street sidewalk. This takes deliveries into the sub basement, where they are transferred onto the freight elevator.
Since 2001, the building has been a condo residence..
Pictures today are from Wendy Darling, The Healey Building, ” The Special Collections and Archives,Georgia State University Library”, and Chamblee54.
A North Carolina based polling company had some free time lately, and conducted a Presidential popularity poll. 89% of the respondents had a favorable opinion of George Washington, making him the most popular POTUS. It is not known if those people know why they admire Mr. Washington.
The study reveals a few details. PPP surveyed 1,200 American voters from February 9th to 12th. The margin of error for the survey is +/-2.8%. This poll was not paid for or authorized by any campaign or political organization. PPP surveys are conducted through automated telephone interviews. PPP is a Democratic polling company, but polling expert Nate Silver of the New York Times found that its surveys in 2010 actually exhibited a slight bias toward Republican candidates.
Questions 1-43 are the same. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of ________ ? Questions 43-49 are the demographics… who you voted for in 2008, ideology, gender, party affiliation, ethnicity, and age. Income and education were not considered.
In the fine print of the report, the 43 men have their popularity broken down by demographics. An example would be on William Henry Harrison. The overall score on Favorable/ Unfavorable/ Not Sure is 14%/8%/78%. This coincides with conventional wisdom, considering that Mr. Harrison died after being in office 32 days, and that it happened 170 years ago. The surprise is the young people. The 18-29 age group gives Mr. Harrison 32% favorable, with 19% negative, and 49% not sure. The 30-45 group gave Mr. Harrison 14%/9%/77%, the 45-65 group gave Mr. Harrison 10%/5%/85%, and the older than 65 population rated Mr. Harrison 9%/5%/86%. (This crosstab is on page 61 of the study).
Mr. Harrison was succeeded by John Tyler, who has been in the news lately. Two grandsons of Mr. Tyler are still alive. The overall score on John Tyler was 10%/10%/80%, with no significant differences noted in the crosstabs.
The overall scores are not surprising, Following Mr. Washington, as the most popular POTUS, are Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, Teddy Roosevelt, and John Adams. The most popular of PG’s lifetime is Dwight Eisenhower, in a tie for sixth with Harry Truman. (Mr. Truman was not well thought of when he was in office.) Richard Nixon is the least popular POTUS, followed by Lyndon Johnson, Warren Harding, Millard Fillmore, and Herbert Hoover. Franklin Pierce scored 84% not sure, to win that category. It is not known how many respondents thought James Garfield was a cat.
Commenter WT said “This poll is hopelessly flawed because it doesn’t separate out Grover Cleveland’s first and second terms.” Pictures today are from ” The Special Collections and Archives,Georgia State University Library” .