Slavery And Global Warming

Posted in GSU photo archive, Undogegorized, War by chamblee54 on March 21, 2018








Have you ever wondered why your ancestors owned other human beings? How can you justify something this cruel? In an NPR interview to promote a new book, 1861: The Civil War Awakening, Adam Goodheart has an answer. This is a repost.
It was economics.
“But I think we think of it differently when we realize that the value of slave property, some $4 billion, enormous amount of money in 1861, represented actually more money than the value of all of the industry and all of the railroads in the entire United States combined. So for Southern planters to simply one day liberate all of that property would have been like asking people today to simply overnight give up their stock portfolios, give up their IRAs.”
Mr. Goodheart compares it to the situation today with fossil fuels.
“many of us recognize that in burning fossil fuels we’re doing something terrible for the planet, we’re doing something terrible for future generations. And yet in order to give this up would mean sort of unraveling so much of the fabric of our daily lives, sacrificing so much, becoming these sort of radical eccentrics riding bicycles everywhere, that we continue somewhat guiltily to participate in the system. And that’s something that I use as a comparison to slavery, that many Americans in the North, and even I believe sort of secretly in the South, felt a sense of guilt, felt a sense of shame, that knew that the slave system was wrong but were simply addicted to slavery and couldn’t give it up. “
When the economic pressure is there, people will find a way to justify their actions. Slavery was justified in a number of ways. Today, there are people who deny the ill effects of using fossil fuels, and they have an eager audience. The payback for the environmental horror is in the future. This is similar to the way people today are paying … with racial turmoil … for slavery.
Pictures today are from “The Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library”.










31 Words To Lose

Posted in Poem by chamblee54 on March 20, 2018

Shock And Awe Day

Posted in Uncategorized by chamblee54 on March 20, 2018








Fifteen years ago, Iraq teetered on the edge of regime change. It was obvious what was going to happen, at least at first. America was going to storm in, kill a bunch of people, and take over.

In post 911 America, the military industrial complex saw an opportunity for plunder, unrivaled since the fall of the Soviet Union. The stories of WMD would infect the body politic with fear of a mesopotamian madman. Saddam Hussein wanted Iran to think he has wonder weapons, and did not think America was serious about regime change. We all make mistakes.

In the fifteen years since the time of shock and awe, trillions of dollars have gone down the drain, dragging the mighty American economy along into the sewers of bankruptcy. One of the oldest civilizations of mankind was reduced to hiding, from neighbors, behind concrete barricades. They fought the conquerors with bombs triggered by garage door openers. Thousands of women and children have been murdered. The WMD were never found. This is a repost.

Pictures are from “The Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library”.









15 Words

Posted in Library of Congress, Undogegorized by chamblee54 on March 19, 2018

A tweet started it all. “15 words you need to eliminate from your vocabulary.” In case you were wondering, they are: 1. That, 2. Went, 3. Honestly, 4. Absolutely, 5. Very, 6. Really, 7. Amazing, 8. Always, 9. Never, 10. Literally, 11. Just, 12. Maybe, 13. Stuff, 14. Things, and 15. Irregardless.

In the original tweet, the url did not work. PG googled the phrase, and got a bunch of other 15 word collections. He thought it would be cool to see the other collections, and maybe compile the results. However, all of the other collections used the same 15 words. The Muse started it, and even got mighty Time to copy them.

Two words you need to eliminate from your vocabulary is a non conformist. “1. Replace the word ’’but’’ with ’’and’’ … 2. Replace the phrase ’’I have to’’ with ’’I want to’’

Ditto “7 Words To Remove From Your Vocabulary.” Their crew of deplorables include: “I Should… I Can’t… I Hope… I Have To… I’ll Try… I’ve Got a Problem… But.” This gives us 25 words to never use… enough to write a poem. Pictures are from The Library of Congress.

I hope that maybe I can’t absolutely
I’ll try I should but I’ve got a problem
Irregardless I have to stuff things literally
Just very honestly never really went dim

Produced By External Characters

Posted in Weekly Notes by chamblee54 on March 19, 2018

display of a link on this page is not an indication of approval ~ kkk ~ @VinceHanna7 @StormyDaniels hey “Stormy” , why don’t you just go back and continue doing porn movies? It seems best suited for you. We are tired of you and quite frankly don’t even care. The Pres has work to do. You allegedly got paid more than you deserve, so go away. ~ @StormyDaniels “Go back”?… I shoot a movie EVERY month. I never stopped working in the adult business. I actually just signed a NEW contract making this my 17th consecutive year as a contract star and 15th as a contract director. ~ Brazzers, Digital Playground Announce Exclusive Stormy Scenes ~ Tex McIver Trial ~ YouTube Extremism and the Long Tail ~ @seanspicer Secretary Tillerson is a true patriot that has severed our nation well. Thank you for serving. Mike Pompeo will be an outstanding Secretary of State – the Senate should act swiftly to confirm him ~ The American Shine : Please stop using the term “Person of color” ~ @NewYorker To its devotees, Reddit felt like one of the last Internet giants to resist homogeneity. Then it began shutting down the communities where harassers and conspiracy theorists thrived. @andrewmarantz reports on the social network’s efforts to curb toxicity: Reddit and the Struggle to Detoxify the Internet @chamblee54 you said u/penisfuckermcgee on podcast sixteen words later, you bleeped the n-word it is good to have standards ~ “The Secretary had every intention of staying”: State’s shocking Tillerson statement ~ eg01_02 ~ Plato, Phaedrus and now you, who are the father of letters, have been led by your affection to ascribe to them a power the opposite of that which they really possess. For this invention will produce forgetfulness in the minds of those who learn to use it, because they will not practice their memory. Their trust in writing, produced by external characters which are no part of themselves, will discourage the use of their own memory within them. You have invented an elixir not of memory, but of reminding; and you offer your pupils the appearance of wisdom, not true wisdom, for they will read many things without instruction and will therefore seem to know many things, when they are for the most part ignorant and hard to get along with, since they are not wise, but only appear wise. ~ pessimist podcast ~ In final appeals, Stocking Strangler attorneys say Ga. is about to execute innocent man ~ Carlton Gary last meal ~ Georgia “stocking strangler” denied clemency on eve of execution ~ Gary dna evidence ~ ‏ @KimKierkegaard I am so excited to get back to my natural dark hair after the false & foolish hope of being blonde KimKierkegaardashian ~ @tsengputterman Beware the man of color who considers the white woman an acceptable outlet of his misogyny. ~ The real problem with the New York Times op-ed page: it’s not honest about US conservatism ~ When you say the internet is dumbing down culture, you are saying the same thing Plato said about the written word. The spell check suggestions for dumbing are numbing, dumping ,dubbing ,plumbing. ~ I quoted this post. I like to start my paragraphs with a link, and will quote the first few words, and see what google finds. That is how I found this post. I see that you are still posting to this blog. The blog format… state of the art in 2004, considered obsolete in 2018… is yet another example of the changing nature of recorded communication. ~ California to Georgia: Trust [some] Black Women ~ Explanation and apology: The multipolar spin: how fascists operationalize left-wing resentment ~ Dylann Roof’s Sister Arrested After Bringing Weapons to School Walkout ~ toxic masculinity ~ downtown projects ~ I Went Undercover In The Alt-RightThe last line: “By coming to know my enemy, I came to know myself.” Maybe the problem is seeing your neighbor as the enemy. ~ Tony’s Talks: An Anti-gay Cardinal And A Gay Prostitute Are Bedfellows In Italy ~ Phil Lesh w Terrapin Family Band and John Scofield The Capitol Theatre, Port Chester NY March 15 2018 ~ And again, more mis-attributed quotes online ~ Photogrammar ~ Let’s Go Play In Traffic: 1957 ~ YouTuber Beloved By The Alt-Right Bragged About Sexually Assaulting A Drunk Woman ~ endonym map ~ peaches records handprints But after the company filed for bankruptcy in 1981 and the Atlanta store closed, the prints were unceremoniously destroyed, says Cochran, “smashed to bits in a single afternoon.” ~ Rainer Werner Fassbinder (1945-1982) ~ Towards a truer multicultural science education: how whiteness impacts science education ~ @RealPeerReview Meanwhile in Cultural Studies of Science Education ~ McCabe’s Firing Wasn’t Political. Until Trump Made It Political. ~ When Did ‘Amnesty’ Become a Dirty Word? ~ How The New York Times Is Making War With Iran More Likely ~ 15 words 1. That 2. Went 3. Honestly 4. Absolutely 5. Very 6. Really 7. Amazing 8. Always 9. Never 10. Literally 11. Just 12. Maybe 13. Stuff 14. Things 15. Irregardless ~ Escort Who Outed 40 Priests Speaks Out! ~ president smug and president troll ~ smugness is a form of trolling yes smugness is a form of trolling… there is gameplaying, and attitude display throughout the arena … Jon Stewart exemplifies the problem of using comedians for serious social commentary ~ @ChrchCurmudgeon My doctor wasn’t able to go to the urology conference this week. I told him not to worry, there will probably be a live stream. ~ It is a slippery slope. First you hate racism, then you hate the racist. The terms have elastic definitions, that change according to the motive of the accuser There is the element of name calling. It is easy to call someone racist. It is done casually. It is tough to refute. ~ @RickyCries You never get a second chance to make a first impression. So if meeting someone goes bad you gotta kill em. Can’t let them go spreading that bad first impression around. ~ March 14 Births Albert Einstein (1879) Hank Ketcham (1920) S. Truett Cathy (1921) Ada Louise Huxtable (1921) Diane Arbus (1923) Quincy Jones (1933) Billy Crystal (1948) March 14 Deaths Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1803) Karl Marx (1883) Chic Young (1973) Susan Hayward (1975) Busby Berkeley (1976) ~ Actually, the popular use of “America First” by Charles LIndbergh, among others, was a reaction to the horror of World War One. America lost over 100,000 men, in little over a year of combat participation. Many people thought that America had been duped into participation in that war, and wanted no part of any more European wars. ~ @AmishPornStar1 Why do we call them “designated drivers”… Instead of “people who drive us to drink”? ~ KimKierkegaardashian @KimKierkegaard People say your brows should always match your hair, but I actually think it’s more flattering if they’re dark like your soul ~ @AngryBlackLady is an idiot. ~ words that rhyme: beer, dear, fear, gear, here, jeer, kier, leer, near, pier, queer, rear, tear, year ~ many people pronounce it muff uckers, which may have a clue to the real meaning ~ Stand against hate. From white supremacists to the radical Religious Right, right-wing extremism is on the rise. Pledge to stand against hate. ~ @madbarrister It was the best of times It was the worst of rhymes #MakeAQuoteRhyme ~ this is the poem from last night at java monkey. This piece is based on an internet quiz, Dylan Thomas vs. Bob Dylan, where you are given quotes by Bob Dylan and Dylan Thomas, and asked to identify which Dylan said it ~
an alcoholic is one you don’t like ~ who drinks as much as you confess
old age cafeteria morphodite ~ he who seeks work will find a rest
people seldom do what they believe ~ they do what’s convenient and repent
there’s only one day at a time to leave ~ or tomorrow will be today’s lament
he who seeks rest will find santorum ~ with agatha christie drinking sweet tea
lie in a hot bath sneaking whoredom ~ someone’s boring and i think it’s me
i’ll let you be in my dream flying ~ a thousand different angles in school
he not busy being born is busy dying ~ with grace to become community drool

Killed By Police March 18

Posted in Killed By Police, Library of Congress by chamblee54 on March 18, 2018

24 people were Killed By Police in the United States last week. Here are the links: 237 Daniel Stacey Reynolds 238 Christopher Eisinger 239 Kenneth Scott Townley 240 Joshua Pawlik 241 Juan Garcia Alvarez 242 Andy Lucero 243 Terrall Magee 244 Solomon Agwomoh 245 Decynthia S. Clements 246 Jaden Marsh 247 Michael Delloyd Ward 248 Corky Lee Oliver 249 Justin Lee Dietrich 250 Jontell Reedom 251 Brisco Tim Woodel 252 Bryan Keith Liles 253 Shermichael Ezeff 254 Ryan Chapman 255 256 Cameron Hall 257 258 James Vaughn 259 Mark Clinton Harrell, Jr. 260 William Langfitt

10 of the victims were white. (239, 242, 246, 248, 249, 251, 252, 254, 256, 259) 7 of the victims were black. (238, 244, 245, 247, 250, 253, 258) 241 Juan Garcia Alvarez was latino. The race of 6 of the victims is unknown. (237, 240, 243, 255, 257, 260) 245 Decynthia S. Clements was female.

6 of the victims fired at an officer. (237, 241, 246, 249, 251, 258) 9 of the victims displayed a weapon. (239, 240, 245, 247, 248, 254, 255, 259, 260) A taser was used on 4 victims (244, 247, 250, 256) 3 of the victims died without a shot being fired. (238, 243, 244) 5 of the victims were in a domestic dispute (237, 242, 251, 256, 257) 3 of the victims were in an altercation with police (250, 256, 257) 246 Jaden Marsh was possibly suicidal.

“Officers who responded to the 1300 block of South East Gates Street Friday night spotted the suspect in a backyard and chased him to the 3000 block of West Ball Road, police said. According to police, Eisinger violently resisted by kicking and ripping his arms away. Officers used “control holds and physical force” to restrain him. “The officers used control holds, they used physical force during this contact to overcome his resistance and take him into custody for the suspected crimes,” Anaheim Acting Police Chief Julian Harvey said last week. “The preliminary review shows the officers did not employ a carotid restraint, did not employ impact weapons, did not employ a Taser or deliver any strikes to the suspect.” … However, once (Christopher) Eisinger was handcuffed, he stopped breathing and went into full cardiac arrest, police said. … Police said Eisinger appeared to be under the influence of narcotics when he was arrested.” (238)

“At 6:17 p.m. Sunday, Oakland firefighters responded to the 900 block of 40th Street for a report of a person down who appeared to be armed with a gun, police said in a statement Wednesday. Four Oakland police officers … found a man on the ground between two buildings in the block. The man was armed and holding a semiautomatic handgun, police said. While officers began developing a plan to resolve the situation, they gave commands to the man, identified as Joshua Pawlik, 32, to put the gun down. “It was reported that officers believed Pawlik’s actions posed an immediate threat to the officers with the risk of death or serious bodily harm,” police said. “Multiple officers discharged their service firearms, striking Pawlik.” (240)

“This all started Sunday at 7 a.m. when State Police were called to a home in Ft. Sumner in reference to the violation of a restraining order. Police say Lucero entered his ex-girlfriend’s home and a fight ensued. During the altercation, a friend of the ex-girlfriend’s showed up to the home and Lucero shot her. The friend was taken to a hospital in Lubbock, Texas with non-life-threatening injuries. Lucero fled the scene and the search for him began. Police were alerted to a fire in Ft. Sumner where they found two structures and what they believe to have been Lucero’s car on fire. From there, they were able to track Lucero down. That’s when shots were fired and he was killed.” (242)

“According to Santa Ana police, at 9:17 p.m. Sunday officers responded to a burglary alarm at 2411 West 1st St. discovered the suspect jumping a fence on the property. A foot chase ensued, and an officer caught up with Magee, leading to a “physical altercation,” police said. More officers arrived on scene and attempted to subdue him. At some point, Magee went into medical distress. Officers performed CPR on him until paramedics arrived and rushed him a local hospital. Magee was pronounced dead at 10:10 p.m.” (243)

“Solomon Agwomoh, who drove for Chicago Carriage Cab Company, was involved in a crash with another vehicle at the intersection of Cottage Grove Avenue and Sibley Boulevard in Dolton around 12:40 a.m … Agwomoh was apparently conscious following the crash, and a witness who encountered him said that while shaken, he appeared to be “in a normal state of health,” said Bob Napleton, a lawyer who filed the lawsuit on behalf of Agwomoh’s family. Around 1 a.m., an ambulance took Agwomoh to the hospital, where he underwent a CT scan in the presence and custody of Dolton police, the lawsuit stated. It’s unclear exactly what happened next, but according to the lawsuit, a Dolton officer “willfully and wantonly employed a Taser without justifiable cause to deliver a lethal electric current” to Agwomoh, a father of four from South Holland. The cause and manner of Agwomoh’s death is pending, a spokeswoman for the medical examiner’s office said. … Dolton Police Chief Robert Collins said he was aware of the lawsuit but had yet to read it. Agwomoh had been in custody for suspected DUI at the time of the incident, Collins said. “The officer did everything by the book,” he said in an email. “In the law enforcement community, we’ve come to learn that even the cases in which officers do things by the book, there is still litigation.” Collins said the officer deployed a stun gun on Agwomoh after he became “uncooperative and combative” with the hospital staff who were treating him. “The Dolton police officer present intervened and eventually had to use a Taser on the man because of his aggression,” Collins said. “The Taser was ineffective against the man, and thus the man began fighting with the officer until hospital security arrived to assist.” After Agwomoh was eventually restrained with the assistance of hospital security, Collins said, hospital staff administered him “some sort of sedative” in an effort to calm him down. “Shortly thereafter the man (lost consciousness),” he said. “Efforts to save him were met with negative results.” (244)

“Elgin police said the incident started around 12:30 a.m. Monday after officers made contact with a suspicious vehicle at Cedar Avenue in Elgin. During the encounter, police said 34-year-old Decynthia S. Clements fled. Officers chased her initially, but then gave up. Clements’ vehicle was then spotted on westbound I-90 near Route 25. Elgin officers made contact with Clements and observed she was armed with a knife, police said. Police say they then “disengaged immediately,” and tried to negotiate with her for over an hour. During that time, police said Clements would move her vehicle up several feet. At one point, officers noticed a fire had started inside the vehicle. Police say they tried to pull her out of the burning vehicle, but something happened, and an officer ended up shooting his weapon, killing her. … Her family says she was shot multiple times.” (245)

“Police in Colorado Springs shot and killed a man who barricaded himself inside a motel room and took a woman hostage, officers said. Colorado Springs police responded to the Travel Star Motel in the 1700 block of Nevada Avenue at about 3:30 p.m. Monday after receiving a tip that a man wanted on a robbery warrant was staying there. When the officers arrived, the man, identified as Corky Lee Oliver, 31, barricaded himself inside a room, telling officers he was armed and had a woman with him, police said. Police evacuated the motel and called in crisis negotiators, who spent several hours talking to Oliver. At about 9:40 p.m., police forced their way into the room. It’s unclear what happened but police said shots were fired and Oliver was killed.” (248)

“Around 4:30 Monday afternoon officers were responding to the assault of a bus driver near the corner of E Cross Ave and N Cherry St. When they spotted a man matching a suspect description, they attempted to talk to him. That’s when officers say the man tried to fight them. According to Police, the physical altercation prompted officers to use their Tasers, which they say were ineffective. “The suspect became combative. At that point in time, the officers put out that there had been shots fired,” said Sgt. Hamlin. Cell phone video of the encounter shows one officer running after the suspect before using his Taser, the chase continues with the suspect punching the officer, the officer then takes out his baton and swings. The chase then moves across the street where the second officer pepper sprays the suspect. Shortly after, shots are fired.” (250)

“At about 5 p.m., agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives tracked the man to a vehicle across the street from the Historic Sandy station, 9000 S. 165 E., Sandy police Lt. Dean Carriger said. Agents had a warrant for his arrest when they shot him, Carriger said. He didn’t say what prompted the shooting, only that agents fired “during their contact” with the man. … Vanessa Vasquez lives on the corner … When she went outside, Vasquez said, she saw the man handcuffed and bloody, lying on the ground on his stomach. He wasn’t moving or speaking. “To me, he looked like he was dead,” she said.” (252)

“The Baton Rouge man shot and killed Wednesday by a deputy had been hospitalized Monday after having an apparent psychotic break, but was released Tuesday even though he continued to show the same symptoms, the State Police said Friday. Senior Trooper Bryan Lee, a State Police spokesman, said multiple witnesses, including family members, told investigators that 31-year-old Shermichael Ezeff “appeared to be in an altered state of mind.” Family told police about Ezeff’s hospitalization and subsequent release as law enforcement investigated the Wednesday afternoon fatal shooting of Ezeff by an East Baton Rouge Parish’s sheriff deputy, Lee said. That deputy was serving a temporary restraining order when he was approached by Ezeff, who was already covered in blood, EBR Sheriff Sid Gautreaux III said Wednesday. Lee said Friday that witness statements and preliminary evidence supports that there was an altercation before the deputy fired at least one shot.” (253)

“A Rosebud Sioux Tribe police officer shot and killed a man just before midnight Thursday in the Parmelee Community according to the FBI. Very little has been released about the shooting, except that the officer was confronted by a person with a weapon who failed to respond to the officer’s commands. The officer then shot and killed him.” (255)

“… the Jonesborough Police Department received a complaint concerning possible drug activity at a hotel located along East Jackson Boulevard/ Highway 11E. Upon arrival, officers encountered a male subject in the parking lot. The man displayed a large knife and threatened to harm himself before leading officers on a foot pursuit. The foot pursuit crossed over E. Jackson Boulevard and ended in the 400 block. Officers continued to give the individual orders to drop the weapon, but he refused to comply. At some point during the second confrontation, the subject reportedly moved toward one of the officers with the knife. The situation further escalated and resulted in the officer firing his service weapon, striking the subject. He was transported to a local hospital where he was pronounced dead. No officers were injured during the incident.” (259)

“Events began at 9:32 p.m. when a woman called 911 and said a male friend (William Langfitt) was having a mental breakdown in the middle of the road. The 911 dispatcher could hear screaming. The woman said her friend had a knife, the Sheriff’s Department says. “Let go of me now,” the dispatcher heard the woman say. “Stop it.” She got back on the phone and said the man was going east on 252nd Street East. Deputies headed to the area. A second person called 911 to say a man had just tried to get into his vehicle. The first 911 caller was still on the phone and reported that her male friend was trying to “jump into other people’s vehicles.” Then she reported he was trying to get into her vehicle. Minutes later, a deputy radioed in that shots had been fired, the Sheriff’s Department said. The Sheriff’s Department said the man reportedly refused to heed the deputy’s commands at gunpoint, then tried to get into the deputy’s vehicle. The deputy then opened fire.” (260)

Pictures are from The Library of Congress.


Posted in Georgia History, GSU photo archive, History by chamblee54 on March 17, 2018

WSB radio is 96 years old. On March 15, 1922, The Atlanta Journal received a telegram authorizing it to broadcast weather bulletins. The telegram instructed the station to use the call letters WSB. (Later, a station in Nashville was named WSM.) While the letters were later said to stand for Welcome South Brother (as well as World Series Baseball, and We’re So Boring), they appear to have been randomly assigned at first.

WSB is a 50,000 watt, clear channel station. At night, it can be heard for hundreds of miles around. It’s transmission tower is on LaVista Road, across the street from Northlake Mall. In the seventies, you could hear broadcasts on pay phones in the area.

WSB was owned by the Atlanta Journal, and had it’s first studio in their building downtown. The radio station moved to the Biltmore Hotel when it opened in 1926. In 1926, WSB joined the NBC radio network. (Station logs show a broadcast of the inaugural NBC broadcast in November, 1926.) In 1939, the Journal, and WSB, were sold to James Middleton Cox, who founded Cox Enterprises. In 1950, Mr. Cox bought the Atlanta Constitution.

The thirties and forties were the glory days for radio. In the fifties, television started to move in. WSB-TV started to broadcast on Channel 2. A studio known as “White Columns on Peachtree” was built in 1955, and was the home WSB, radio and TV.

When PG was old enough to listen, WSB had a format which is no longer in use. It played “middle of the road” music, and had lots of news broadcasting. As FM radio began to dominate music broadcasting, (including WSB FM), the venerable AM station evolved (devolved) into a news-talk format. This is what you hear today.

HT to Peach Pundit. This is a repost, with pictures from “The Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library” and WSB.










An Alcoholic Is One

Posted in Poem by chamblee54 on March 16, 2018

Lose The Ability To Remember

Posted in History, Library of Congress, The English Language, The Internet, Undogegorized by chamblee54 on March 15, 2018

PG heard a nifty quote once. “When we begin to write, we will lost the ability to remember.” It was credited to Homer, the Greek poet. The only problem is, PG could never find a source.

Katherine Mangu-Ward is a lady writer. She appeared on a podcast recently, and talked about the symbiotic relationship between conservative trolling, and liberal smugness. PG stumbled onto her twitter account, @kmanguward, and found this: 370 BC: Is Writing Making Us Stupid?

Plato, Phaedrus was the link attached to the tweet. Here is what it said: “Now the king of all Egypt at that time was the god Thamus, who lived in the great city of the upper region, which the Greeks call the Egyptian Thebes, and they call the god himself Ammon. To him came Theuth to show his inventions, saying that they ought to be imparted to the other Egyptians. But Thamus asked what use there was in each, and as Theuth enumerated their uses, expressed praise or blame, according as he approved or disapproved. The story goes that Thamus said many things to Theuth in praise or blame of the various arts, which it would take too long to repeat; but when they came to the letters, “This invention, O king,” said Theuth, “will make the Egyptians wiser and will improve their memories; for it is an elixir of memory and wisdom that I have discovered.”

But Thamus replied, “Most ingenious Theuth, one man has the ability to beget arts, but the ability to judge of their usefulness or harmfulness to their users belongs to another; and now you, who are the father of letters, have been led by your affection to ascribe to them a power the opposite of that which they really possess. For this invention will produce forgetfulness in the minds of those who learn to use it, because they will not practice their memory. Their trust in writing, produced by external characters which are no part of themselves, will discourage the use of their own memory within them. You have invented an elixir not of memory, but of reminding; and you offer your pupils the appearance of wisdom, not true wisdom, for they will read many things without instruction and will therefore seem to know many things, when they are for the most part ignorant and hard to get along with, since they are not wise, but only appear wise.”

Don’t be afraid of a block of text. We will break this down in a minute. The text is from Phaedrus, by Plato. As the ierrant wikipedia says, “The Phaedrus (/ˈfiːdrəs/; Ancient Greek: Φαῖδρος, lit. ‘Phaidros’), written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato’s protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. The Phaedrus was presumably composed around 370 BC…” According to this timeline, 370 B.C. is 3200 years after man started to write, and 400 years after the invention of the Greek alphabet. So much for Homer’s word of caution.

We don’t know how widespread writing was in Plato’s time. Presumably, many of the old tales were transmitted by word of mouth, from one generation to the next. This involves memory. “For this invention will produce forgetfulness in the minds of those who learn to use it, because they will not practice their memory.”

There is one more quote worth musing over. Since the invention of the first mediums, new methods have been denounced by traditionalists. Today, we live in an era of constant change. This feature will appear in a blog… state of the art in 2004, and considered obsolete in 2018. Every new medium is greeted with hand wringing over the bad effects it will have on society. Some of these misgivings have been proven false. This *text* goes into more detail about this.

Homer may, or may not, have existed. Since this was 2800 years ago, we may never know. The stories of “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” may have been told from one generation, to the next. Maybe Homer really did say that, and was merely afraid of competition.

“You have invented an elixir not of memory, but of reminding; and you offer your pupils the appearance of wisdom, not true wisdom, for they will read many things without instruction and will therefore seem to know many things, when they are for the most part ignorant and hard to get along with, since they are not wise, but only appear wise.” . In todays culture, the display of apparent wisdom is more impressive than actual knowledge. These things too shall pass away. Pictures are from The Library of Congress.

π Day

Posted in GSU photo archive, Holidays by chamblee54 on March 14, 2018



Today is 3-14. It is a tuesday, and 314 are the first three digits of pi (affectionately known as π ). It is a math thing, the number you multiply a diameter by to get the circumference. When your grammar school math teacher told you about π, she probably used 3.14, or 3 1/7. (PG went to school when Hewlett and Packard were still in the garage.)

You might also have heard the formula for the area of a circle, the racy π r squared . This means that you multiply π by the radius (half the diameter, a line from the border to the center point), and then multiply the whole contraption by the radius again. The formula has a funny sound to it. Pie are not square, cornbread is square, pie are round. Like Sly Stone says, all the squares go home.

According to wikipedia, π seems to have been known as early as 1900 b.c. The pyramids of Egypt have a π based feature. The Greek letter π is the first letter of the Greek word περίμετρος (perimeter) . This was determined OTP.

The pyramid- π function is fairly simple. The total length of the four sides, at the base, will be the same as the height of the pyramid, times two, times π. PG likes to make model pyramids. They are 6″ tall, and the base sides are 9 3/8″. The combination of these four sides is 37 1/2″. If you multiply 6x2x3.14, you get 37.68″ The .18″ is because of a measuring error.

A lady named Eve Astrid Andersson has a page of her website dedicated to π. The only trivia question that PG understood was the first one…1. What is the formal definition of pi? …the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter // 3.14159 // the radius of a unit circle // the surface area of a sphere of diameter 22/7 // a delicious dessert, especially if it contains cherries.

There is the football cheer from M.I.T. ” Cosine, secant, tangent, sine 3.14159 // Integral, radical, u dv, slipstick, slide rule, MIT!”

In 1998 a movie titled π was released. It caused brain damage in 3.14% of those who saw it. Perhaps it is not a coincidence that 1998 = 666 x 3.

π has been calculated to over five million digits. The second part of this feature are a few of those numbers. There are 82 characters in each line. This feature shows π extended to 10,165 digits. This is .02% of five million. This is a repost, with pictures from “The Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library”.







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Carlton Gary

Posted in Georgia History, Library of Congress, The Death Penalty by chamblee54 on March 13, 2018








Carlton Gary, GDC ID: 0000418413, is scheduled to be executed Thursday, March 15. He was convicted of the rape, and murder, of Florence Scheible, Martha Thurmond and Kathleen Woodruff. They were killed, along with four other elderly women, in Columbus, GA, in 1977 and 1978. The serial killer became known as the Silk Stocking Strangler. “Gary’s execution was originally set for December 16, 2009. … The Georgia Supreme Court entered an order on December 16, 2009, remanding the case to the trial court to determine whether Gary was entitled to DNA testing.”

Chamblee54 published a report on the case in 2009. This post will be copied below. Before getting to that, we should consider whether there is any new evidence, that indicates that Mr. Gary should be executed. In 2009, the opinion of many was that the evidence against Mr. Gary was far from conclusive. This is not to say that Mr. Gary is innocent of all charges. In fact, DNA evidence links Mr. Gary to a 1975 murder in New York state.

However, it is far from clear that Carlton Gary is the Silk Stocking Strangler. This chart summarizes the problems with evidence against Mr. Gary. In addition, an article in Vanity Fair goes into great detail about the case, as does this story.

The story of the alleged confession is bizarre. “Albany, GA, police arrested Gary on May 3, 1984. Columbus police drove over that day to bring him back. Boren (Columbus Police Chief Ricky Boren, who was a detective … in 1984.) testified that Gary that night offered to take police on a tour of homes he’d burglarized, so Boren and other investigators started driving him around midtown… Gary would talk about other victims’ homes he had been in, Boren said, but he always blamed an accomplice for the homicides. … Boren said police were so fatigued they ended the interview about 3:30 a.m. May 4, 1984, forgetting to drive by the 3783 Steam Mill Road where Janet Cofer, 61, was found dead April 20, 1978. Defense attorney Jack Martin challenged Boren’s account, noting detectives had neither recorded the interview nor taken notes.Boren said investigators feared Gary would stop talking if they used a tape recorder or took notes.”

DNA testing was done for some cases after the 2009 ruling. “Extensive testing was performed during the extraordinary motion for new trial proceedings, which revealed a positive DNA match between Gary and … Jean Dimenstein.” (Mr. Gary was not convicted of Jean Dimenstein’s death.)

“Prosecutors have operated on the theory that one person committed all seven murders, so any evidence that might clear Gary in one case could undermine the claim that he is the “Stocking Strangler” … Gary was convicted of killing Thurmond, Scheible and Woodruff. Authorities say his DNA matched semen evidence from Dimenstein’s rape but not from Thurmond’s.”

Gertrude Miller survived an early assault, and indentified Mr. Gary as her attacker. “a later DNA test on her clothing yielded a profile that did not match him.” Gertrude Miller’s testimony is questioned by others. In the Matha Thurmond case, “police collected semen samples later thought suitable for DNA testing. The G.B.I. crime lab accidentally tainted and destroyed that evidence.”

When Georgia decides to execute someone, they don’t like to give up. Troy Davis, Kelly Gissendaner, and Warren Hill are recent examples. No matter how inconclusive the evidence, no matter how bad it makes the state look, when Georgia wants to execute someone, they usually do it.

Since this is Georgia, race must be considered. Carlton Gary is black. The ladies who died were white. This was a high profile, racially charged case. The authorities were under enormous pressure to solve the case. While not necessarily racist, the authorities did not look good in their handling of the case.

“In February 1978 Columbus Police Chief received a bizarre, frightening letter supposedly from a white racist group of vigilantes called the “Forces of Evil.” The Forces of Evil wrote that if police did not apprehend the Stocking Strangler by “1 June,” they would murder a black woman in retaliation for what were believed to be murders of white women by a black man. That black woman, the letter went on to assert, would be Gail Jackson. She had already been kidnapped and was being held by the group. She would die unless the police caught, in the letter’s terms, the “S-Strangler.”Investigators learned that Gail Jackson was a black woman from nearby Fort Benning. And, chillingly, she was missing. While they were still puzzling over the disappearance of Gail Jackson, the police received a second letter from the supposed Forces of Evil. They demanded a $10,000 ransom for the kidnapped woman’s freedom.

Columbus police took this baffling, frightening letters to the Behavioral Science Unit of the F.B.I. As Jordan wrote in Murder in the Peach States, that unit “came to some startling conclusions. They felt the author, or authors, of the ‘Forces of Evil’ letter was not seven white men, but more likely one black man. The profilers believed he probably already killed Gail Jackson and that the letters were intended to divert attention away from the real killer. The profile predicted him to be an artilleryman or military policeman. An excerpt in the letter which stated, ‘the victims will double’ led profilers to believe that he may already have also killed two other women. … They also believed that he might be the stocking strangler.”Investigators eventually arrested William Hance for the murder of Gail Jackson. He was a black artilleryman at Fort Benning. He confessed to having authored the “Forces of Evil” letter and to have killed two other women in addition to Gail Jackson. However, there were no links between Hance and the Stocking Stranglings.”

UPDATE: Carlton Gary died at 10:33 pm, March 15, 2018. “… he did not accept a final prayer or make a final statement.” Mr. Gary declined a special last meal. He ate the standard prison dinner of a grilled hamburger, a hot dog, white beans, coleslaw and grape beverage.

The State of Georgia has set an execution date for Carlton Gary. December 16 is scheduled to be his date with the gurneygoinggone, in Jackson, GA. Mr. Gary is said to be the “Stocking Strangler”, who terrorized Columbus GA in 1977 and 1978. Not everyone agrees with the verdict.

Carlton Gary was born December 15, 1952. (His birthday is the day before the scheduled execution). He met his father once, when he was 12. His mother was poor, and often got relatives to care for her son. As Carlton Gary got older, he became familiar with law enforcement.

In 1970, there was an elderly lady strangled and murdered in upstate New York. Mr. Gary was involved. Later DNA tests indicate that Mr. Gary was the 1975 killer of Marion Fisher in Syracuse NY.

On August 22, 1977, Carlton Gary escaped from Onondaga prison. On September 15, 1977, Mary Willis “Ferne” Jackson was strangled to death with a nylon stocking. Between this date and April 20, 1978, six more women were raped and strangled with stockings. All were elderly white ladies, most of whom lived in the affluent Wyntown neighborhood.

— Ferne Jackson, 60, of 2505 17th St., killed Sept. 15, 1977.
— Jean Dimenstein, 71, of 3927 21st St., killed Sept. 25, 1977.
— Florence Scheible, 89, of 1941 Dimon St., killed Oct. 21, 1977.
— Martha Thurmond, 69, of 2614 Marion St., killed Oct. 25, 1977.
— Kathleen Woodruff, 74, of 1811 Buena Vista Road, killed Dec. 28, 1977.
— Mildred Borom, 78, of 1612 Forest Ave., killed Feb. 12, 1978.
— Janet Cofer, 61, of 3783 Steam Mill Road, killed April 20, 1978.

During this time, Carlton Gary was busy robbing restaurants. He was caught, and sent to prison in South Carolina. He escaped in 1984. At this time, the police in Columbus were working on a lead in the Stocking Strangler case.

“Police in Columbus hoped against hope that a lead they were developing in the long, dragged-out case of the Stocking Strangler would pan out. A .22 Luger handgun had been stolen from a Wynnton house at the time of the murders. An anonymous caller called the owner of the gun and said, “The police have the gun you had stolen from you.”

That gun owner reported the call to the Columbus police. At first they were baffled. They did not have that gun but could police in another area have it? Detectives put out a nationwide teletype asking if anyone had it. No other police department did. Two Kalamazoo, Michigan clerks went painstakingly through their records and found that the weapon had been registered at their shop in 1981. Detectives tracked the gun down to its current owner who said he had purchased it in Phenix City, Alabama from Jim Gary. The police interviewed Jim Gary who said he had gotten it from his nephew, Carlton Gary.

Detectives then discovered that Gary had recently escaped from the South Carolina prison where he was serving time as “Michael David.” That made their job especially urgent. If Gary was the Stocking Strangler, elderly women were in terrible danger.

Fingerprints of Carlton Gary were matched to prints found in the home of victim Kathleen Gary. Then Columbus police were contacted by investigators from Phenix City who were looking for suspected robbers and cocaine runners, one of whom was known as Michael David…

On the early morning of May 3, 1984, acting on a tip, a S.W.A.T. team went to a Holiday Inn in Albany, Georgia. Carlton Gary was in a room with a woman. When that woman came out of that room to go to an ice machine, S.W.A.T. members asked her to come to a room for questioning. She agreed to cooperate with authorities and told them that Gary had a gun on the nightstand.

Trying to decoy him into opening the door, she went back to it and knocked but ran away before he answered it. Gary opened the door, saw the police, and tried to shut it but officers kept it open with their shoulders. Then the team swarmed into the room and captured him…

True to his pattern, Gary confessed to having been at the homes of the Wynnton area victims but denied raping or murdering them. His accomplice, Malvin Alamichael Crittendon had done that. “I did the burglaries,” Gary explained, “and Michael killed the old ladies.”Crittendon existed and was located by the police. He denied taking part in the Stocking Stranglings and police could find no evidence to connect him to them.”

In August 1986, Carlton Gary went to trial. The state would not give the defense any money to hire investigators or expert witnesses. The star witness for the state was Gertrude Miller, who had been attacked, in similar fashion to the other victims, but survived. Mrs. Miller identified Carlton Gary as the attacker. On August 26, 1986, Carlton Gary was convicted of the murder of Florence Scheible, Martha Thurmond, and Kathleen Woodruff. He was sentenced to death the next day.

In a death penalty case, there are a lot of reviews. This is especially true for a high profile case like this. Evidence has come up which indicates Carlton Gary is not the stocking strangler.

DNA testing was not used during the trial. After the trial, the body fluids from the crime scenes were destroyed as a bio hazard. (This evidently was not done in Syracuse). It is not possible to compare DNA from Mr. Gary to what was found at the crime scene.

The following quote is from a Vanity Fair article about the case:
“Even though DNA-testing techniques had not been invented at the time of the stranglings, investigators did possess an older method for testing semen that could be very effective: secretor typing. Most people, about four-fifths of the population, are “secretors,” meaning that in their saliva, semen, and other fluids they secrete chemical markers that give away their blood group. A “group-O secretor” would be someone from the common O blood group whose semen contained a relatively large amount of the relevant marker.
The tests carried out on semen collected from the murder scenes of Ferne Jackson, Florence Scheible, and Martha Thurmond indicated that the stocking strangler was a “non-secretor,” whose body fluids contained only tiny traces of the group-O marker. As for Carlton Gary, the police took a saliva sample from him after his arrest. It revealed that, together with some 40 percent of the population, he was an O secretor.”

The star witness, Gertrude Miller, seems to have a few flaws as well. She had identified several other men as being her attacker, some of whom looked nothing like Mr. Gary. The trial was in 1986, when the murders had been committed in 1977-78. A commenter in a Columbus internet forum named “former Wyntown resident” says:
” I personally knew one of the “witnesses” well and she is a Hystrionic Personality Disorder who interjected herself in this appalling travesty of justice solely for the attention. She obviously presented well enough in court but I knew beyond a doubt she lied- she concocted the story of an encounter years after it allegedly took place.”
The last victim, Janet Cofer, had a bite mark on her breast. A impression was taken of this mark, and a model of the teeth marks produced. The teeth in that model do not match Carlton Gary. (“Gary was not convicted of the April 20, 1978, strangling of 61-year-old Columbus school teacher Janet Cofer, from whose left breast the impression of an apparent bite mark was made. Prosecutors used evidence from that case during Gary’s 1986 trial “solely to show similar mode, method and motivation,” U.S. District Court Judge Clay Land writes in his order Thursday granting funds for further examination of the bite cast. Prosecutors have operated on the theory that one person committed all seven murders, so any evidence that might clear Gary in one case could undermine the claim that he is the “Stocking Strangler” … Gary’s attorneys first sought the bite-mark mold in 2003, but no one knew where it was. It was not used as evidence in the 1986 trial, and Gary’s defense attorneys weren’t told about it then. Prosecutors later claimed it was irrelevant because Gary had dental work after the murders. Last month, Muscogee County Coroner James Dunnavant discovered the mold stashed back in an old file cabinet in an office storage room. For years Dunnavant’s predecessor, Coroner Don Kilgore, had kept the mold in his desk drawer, occasionally showing it off. But no one knew what happened to it after Kilgore died in 2000.”)

The fingerprints were not photographed “in situ”, or in the original location. They had been lifted and transferred to file cards. There is no tape of the interrogation. The detective, Mike Sellers, wrote the only record of the interrogation at his kitchen table at 4:30 am, after interviewing Mr. Gary. The tape of the discussion was destroyed.

A British journalist named David Rose came to Georgia to write about the death penalty, and got caught up in the case. He wrote a book, The Big Eddy Club, about the case.

Unless something happens to stop the process, Carlton Gary will die on Wednesday. While he is no choir boy, there is doubt that he is the stocking strangler.

Update The Georgia Supreme Court issued a stay of execution on Wednesday, helpfully before the 7pm deadline. The Supremes voted 5-2 to order Muscogee County Judge to hold a hearing to consider DNA tests.

PG was under the impression that the fluid samples from the crime scene had been destroyed. Other evidence in this case has been said to be destroyed or lost, only to turn up later. (i.e., the mold made from the teeth marks).

PG has too much free time these days, and was going to go to Jackson to witness the scene outside the prison. He went to the 11 alive weather radar to check the weather, and saw a headline announcing the stay of execution. Pictures today are from The Library of Congress.









Hunt For Knowledge

Posted in Poem by chamblee54 on March 12, 2018